PHASELIS – 1998/2013


 

AN ANCIENT LYCIAN CITY

Phaselis, Tekirova-Antalya / TURKEY

Çam ağaçları ile deniz kuçaklaşmış, bazı boşluklar ise doğal plaj halinde, sessizlik ve huzur, yeşil ve mavi, sakinlik hakim….

Antalya’dan batıya doğru, Bey Dağlarının gölgesinde, Kemer-Tekirova yönüne gidiyorsunuz… Yaklaşık 60 km. ve 1 saat uzaklıkda…

Sırasıyla; Konyaaltı Plajını, Soğuk Su-Topçam-Çaltıcak piknik/plaj ve koylarını ızgara kokuları ve kalabalığı ile arkanızda bırakıp; artık emniyetli bir uzaklıkdan seyrettiğiniz, pekde denizi görmeden üstelik, 5 yıldızlı tatil köyleri ve oteller ile donatılmış olan Beldibi, Göynük, Kemer, Kiriş ve Çamyuva’yı da arkanızda bırakıyorsunuz… Birdenbire, yemyeşil bir çam ağaçı denizinin ortasında buluyorsunuz kendinizi… Artık yaklaştınız… 2365 metrelik Tahtalı Teleferiği sapağından sonra, PHASELIS ANTİK KENT  girişindesiniz artık…

Müze kartınız yoksa, küçük bir miktar ödeme yapıp antik kent alanına giriş yapıyorsunuz… Halen yüzey araştırmasının devam ettiği, yıllar önce Alman bir arkelogun çalışmaları ile kalan bu muhteşem ve yarı batık antik kenttesiniz artık… Kıyıya ve denize ulaşsanız bile hala bitmeyecek olan bir çam ağaçı yeşilliği size yol gösteriyor… Aracınızı hemen oraya, iki ağaç arasına bırakıp, havlunuzla koşarcasına kıyıya geliyorsunuz…

Her ağaç gölgesinin altında yada antik bir çıkıntının ( belliki asıl bina daha derinlerde ) üstünde, plaj havlularını öylesine sermiş oturan-güneşlenen-uyuyan kadınlar, kızlar, erkekler, çocuklar, turistler, sarışınlar, esmerler, Türkler, İtalyanlar, Fransızlar, Almanlar, …

Mangal yok, dolma yok, karpuz yok, müzik yok, gürültü yok, çöp yok….. Sadece sakinlik ve huzur… Bu kadar kalabalık olupda bu kadar sakin bir Akdeniz plajı…

Hemen bir çırpı koşup denize giriyorsunuz; sizden 2000 yıl önce yapıldığı gibi….

İYİ VE HUZURLU TATİLLER…

LEVENT ŞEN

phaselis2013_0001 © Levent ŞEN

Phaselis has three harbours: the ‘Northern Harbour’, the ‘Battle Harbour’ and the ‘Protected (Sun) Harbour’, of which the last is the most important today.

Phaselis was acity on the coast of Lycia. Its ruins are located north of the modern town Tekirova in the Kemer district of Antalya Province in Turkey. It lies between the Bey Mountains and the forests of Olympos National Park, 16 km west of the touristic town of Kemer and on the 57th kilometre of the Antalya–Kumluca highway. Phaselis and other ancient towns around the shore can also be accessed from the sea by daily yacht tours.

The town was set up by the Rhodians in 700 BC. Because of its location on an isthmus separating two harbours, it became the most important harbour city of the western Lycia and an important centre of commerce between Greece,AsiaEgypt, and Phoenicia, although it did not belong to the Lycian League. The city was captured by Persians after they conquered Asia Minor, and was later captured by Alexander the Great.

After the death of Alexander, the city remained in Egyptian hands from 209 BC to 197 BC, under the dynasty of Ptolemaios, and with the conclusion of the Apamea treaty, was handed over to the Kingdom of Rhodes, together with the other cities of Lycia. From 190 BC to 160 BC it remained under Rhodeian hegemony, but after 160 BC it was absorbed into the Lycian confederacy under Roman rule. Phaselis, like Olympos, was under constant threat from pirates in the 1st century BC, and the city was even taken over by the pirate Zekenites for a period until his defeat by the Romans. In 42 BC Brutus had the city linked to Rome.

During the Byzantine period, the city became a bishopric, although in the 3rd century AD, its convenient harbor had fallen under the threat of pirates once again. So it began to lose importance, suffering further losses at the hands of Arabships, until totally impoverished in the 11th century AD. There was a temple of Athene at Phaselis, where the lance of Achilles was exhibited. It was the birthplace of the poet and orator Theodectes. It was also renowned for its roses, from which the essence was extracted.[1] When the Seljuqs began to concentrate on Alanya and Antalya as ports, Phaselis ceased to be a port of any note.

Phaselis has three harbours: the ‘Northern Harbour’, the ‘Battle Harbour’ and the ‘Protected (Sun) Harbour’, of which the last is the most important today. A 24-metre-wide ancient street runs through the middle of the city. The ‘Hadrian Waterway Gate’ is on the southern part of the street. There are ruins of shops and stores on the sides of the street and near these are ruins of public places such as Roman bathsagoras and theatres. These structures are dated to the 2nd century BC. There are water canals between the town centre and the 70 m plateau. There are also numerous sarcophagi.

Wikipedia

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